Cataracts are the eye diseases that are most responsive to treatment in the field of optometry, and while they can be diagnosed by an optometrist, an ophthalmologist is the only eye doctor qualified to give treatment.
Cataracts are described as the clouding of the lens in the eyes, which makes it difficult to see. It is the main cause of blindness and affects an estimated 18 million people worldwide. There is much that can be done to prevent this debilitating illness, and there are quite a few methods of treatment available to cataract sufferers.
The main ways to prevent cataracts include:
1.) Eating a well-balanced diet that has plenty fruits and vegetables to provide the body with necessary vitamins, minerals and antioxidants
2.) Avoiding radiation by wearing sunglasses when out in the sunlight to prevent the entry of damaging ultraviolet light and reducing microwave usage.
3.) Having regular eye exams at the eye clinic or eye doctor’s office so that problems can be detected early and treated
4.) Avoiding excess amounts of alcohol
5.) Quitting smoking
The most widely used and effective method of treatment for cataracts is eye surgery. This surgery cannot be performed by an optometrist and involves removing of the opaque lens and replacing it with an artificial one. Surgery is successful in most instances, but carries the risk of infection and bleeding.