Roof Construction Basics

Anytime that you look up at a piece of roofing, you’re looking at the results of thousands of years of roofing experience with roofers from all ages and areas of the world coming up with several basic roof construction designs. While there are hundreds of possible roofing installation methods, most are directed towards these basic designs. The designs include the flat roof, the peaked roof and the domed roof.

Flat Roof

The flat roof is created from a series of beams placed across the walls of a structure and covered with wooden panels. The construction of the beams can be altered to provide greater strength by building trusses with them if needed, or the wood panels can be replaced with steel or fiberglass, but the general construction process remains the same.

Peaked Roof

Peaked roofs are those that ascend at an angle from the edges to a central peak. They provide room beneath the roof for extra living space. Peaked roofs are constructed much as a flat roof is, with angled rafters replacing the flat beams, to create the peak. The rafters are then covered with the roof boards.

Domed Roof

A domed roof is built onto a framework like the other two types. The frame is then covered with panels cut in angles to meet at the central top of the dome. The angles add strength to the roof’s construction, allowing you to use lighter construction materials.

Sealing Material

A sealing material to prevent the development of a leaking roof covers each roof type. This material gives your roof its distinctive look, whether it’s an asphalt roof, to a shingle roof to a tile roof.

While it’s possible to construct your own roof, for the best results you should hire a roofing contractor. A contractor not only makes certain the roof is up to local building codes, but may also provide roofing repairs and handle serious roofing maintenance issues.


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